People have differing faiths, and some choose no faith. Conservatism is based on the common realm for all humankind: reason. Faith, therefore, is not intrinsic to conservatism. James Madison made the proper relationship between conservatives clear in his brilliant "A Memorial and Remonstrance" address: "Whilst we assert for ourselves a freedom to embrace, profess, and to observe the Religion which we believe to be of divine origin, we cannot deny an equal freedom to those whose minds have not yet yielded to the evidence which has convinced us."
As reason-limited government, conservatism is synonymous with the separation of faith from law. Prior to conservative philosophy, power was vested in men with claims to closer positions relative to God than others. Conservative philosophy holds as self-evident that all are created equal, and that governments instituted among men must be limited by reason as the foundation of law. The act of forbidding laws that respect establishments of religion is a mechanism of verifying that all laws are reason-based. Many prominent conservatives struggle against The First Amendment as a separation of church and state- in clear disagreement with Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Thomas Paine and others- to the detriment of the conservative movement. The stereotype of dogmatic condescension must be shifted from the conservative movement to the liberal movement, where it belongs. Liberalism would suffer (and die) from a reason-based legal system.
Defense of liberty is the reason for government. Every law must be in the service of that defense, at every level of government. No conservative should be for imprudent use of force anywhere on the planet, but every despot on the face of the earth should fear the power of The United States in the defense of Liberty.
Conservative philosophy supports the end of drug prohibition. This is not a liberal position, nor a libertarian position. It is a conservative position. Thomas Jefferson put it best in his first inaugural address: "Sometimes it is said that man cannot be trusted with the government of himself. Can he, then, be trusted with the government of others? Or have we found angels in the form of kings to govern him?" Drug prohibition depends on the lie that "drugs cause people to do bad things". This is a standard fallacy. It is, however, reasonable to deduce that laws which prohibit substances because of what they "cause" people to do therefore omit individual responsibility for abhorrent behavior- the antithesis of conservatism. Drug prohibition turns a giant population of decent people into a smokescreen behind which the truly evil among us can hide and thrive, instead of focusing law enforcement resources on those who actually violate the rights of others.
Public education is socialism, and as such has all of the flaws of socialism. Not only is it unnecessary, but it's evil. Each individual has many thousands of times more information available to him than did our framers, which makes any of the original arguments in favor of public education disintegrate. There is one lesson that the government should be teaching the young and old alike: "What you know is a product of what you choose to know". Public education teaches the opposite of that essential principle. It's time to dismantle this failed paradigm for good.
Art occurs when a free individual chooses to use resources at his disposal to create something that he or she believes has value. Government-art is anti-art, period. Not one dime of money should be spent by any level of government to fund "the arts". That money should stay in the hands of individuals, who will use it to create art as they wish.
Marriage is an establishment of religion. As such, laws cannot regard the tradition of any marriage of any type. All marriages are business agreements from the point of view of government. The erosion of the tradition of marriage- such that it exists- is a product of the government's involvement with it. To the degree that it has intrinsic value, the tradition will survive without government sanction.
The Federal Reserve is unconstitutional. Congress must print or coin money, and that means that monetary policy must be transparent to those subject to it, and that it must be done in such a way that secures the blessings of liberty to the citizens of the United States.